Learn More about the General Assembly in the US State of Maryland Maryland is one of the smallest states of the country of the United States of America, which is located in the region of Mid-Atlantic that borders Washington D.C., West Virginia and Virginia in its west and south point, Delaware to its east, and Pennsylvania, to its north. The US state of Maryland’s largest city is the city of Baltimore, and its capital city is called as the city of Annapolis. The state of Maryland is basically called in various nicknames, like the Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State, for the basic reason that this specific state is categorized as the birthplace of religious freedom of United States of America. The government system of the state of Maryland is basically similar with the government systems of the other states in the country of the United States of America, and such government is typically administered and conducted according to the constitution of the said country. The general assembly of the state of Maryland is composed of the state legislature and legislative body of the said state and that convenes and opened within the State House of the state’s capital city. The Maryland general assembly is basically composed of two houses, namely the lower chamber, which is also referred to as the house of delegates, along with its representatives; and the upper chamber, which is also referred to as the house of the senate, together with their representatives, and because of that the Maryland general assembly is also recognized as a bicameral body. During election time, the functions of these two houses include establishing rules for the conduct of its business, judging the qualifications of each of their members, and expelling or punishing their members. In order to be qualified in the delegate and senatorial position, the aspiring officials or politicians needs to be a resident of the state of Maryland for at least a year prior to the election time, the qualified age for a senator should be at least twenty-five years of age, while for a delegate is at least twenty-one years of age, and lastly, is that they should be a citizen of Maryland. Each of the elected officials will basically work in a four-year term, but in instances wherein the position will be unoccupied due to a member’s resignation, death or disqualification, the one who has the power to assign a new member to occupy the said position is called as the governor. The upper chamber or the house of the senate is typically led by an official called as the president, while in the lower chamber or the house of the delegate is typically led by an official called as the speaker, with respective prerogatives, duties and responsibilities that enables and allows them to influence the process of legislation in a significant manner.