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What are the Types of Personal Injury Laws? Personal injury law is a serious case that is defined at state level. A panel of judges and the members of legislatures sit together to create, modify and amend the laws. Each states have different sides of personal injury laws which means every state has distinct features in their law. However, state laws share a lot of similarities as well. While defining personal injury laws, generally three torts are taken under consideration – international torts, negligence torts and strict liability torts. Three Offenses in Personal Injury Law.
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International torts deal with the cases in which the offenders are aware of the consequences of their actions while committing it. The offender intends the action he or she had made. Assault, household physical and mental abuses and workplace bully fall under international torts.
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Negligence torts consume the lion portion of personal injury laws. The negligence offense is the most numbered cases of personal injury law. The law makes it compulsory for all the citizens to act responsibly and reasonably that any other person would do if placed in similar situation. For short, every one should take responsibility on what they do in order not to affect the people around them. An example would be a for a responsible person, he or she will take the initiative to remove traces of oil, water, or grease from the floor which is used by a lot of people everyday. In connection, if a customer in a restaurant was slipped due to the mess that the owner did not clean, the customer may file a case to the owner. The last kind of personal injury case is the strict liability offense which deal with a different kind of behavior. Under the strict liability tort, a victim can file an offense to a person that causes a harmful effect on him. If the victim can show any evidence that he or she was harmed, the suspect will be held guilty. It is not an excuse when the offender is not aware of the consequences. Personal injury laws for malpractice. Besides from torts, personal injury laws in America gurads the citizens from professional malpractice. In order to protect people from irresponsible professionals that do not take their clients seriously, the government amended a law for a professional malpractice. Personal injury laws also deal with product liabilities. If a consumer purchased a defective product, he or she can file a case at the manufacturer. When a person buys a chair from a furniture store and falls from it while sitting because the legs of the chair were broken, the consumer can sue the furniture store or the manufacturer for compensation. A case that deals with transportation is another kind of personal injury law. Offenses that are from transportation such as in automobile, rail road, maritime and aviation accidents fall under this part of personal injury law.